Nitherian Lexicon

Total entries: 76

A

C

E

K

L

M

N

O

P

S

T

V

W

Y

Z

aonoun

Old Nitherian agosl

(possessed stem aosl-)

  1. man

  2. (possessed) husband

chanoverb

Old Nitherian tlyano “to be soft”

(2s chnta)

  1. to be soft, tender

  2. to be pliable, obedient

  3. chnpyaverb with directional
    1. to cook (especially fish)

    2. to train (a soldier)

    3. chachnpyanoun
      1. cadet, military recruit

chienoun

Old Nitherian tliges

(possessed stem chiesh-)

  1. tongue

chnchinoun

Old Nitherian kyn-tyis, diminutive of kyn “woman”

  1. woman

  2. (possessed) wife

choverb

Old Nitherian tsio

  1. to sit

  2. (with locative, of generic solid things) to be at

  3. sozmslonoun

    literally “they aren’t (sitting) here”

    1. zero

chomoverb

Old Nitherian tsyomo “to fall”

(2s chmta)

  1. to be moved, to move outside of one’s control

  2. chm-washonoverb with directional

    (2s chm-washnta)

    1. to pass time, to waste time

chorinoun

Old Nitherian kyori “cassava”

  1. root vegetable

  2. cassava

evonoun

Old Nitherian hebo

  1. forest canopy

  2. overcast sky, cloud cover

ezhinoun

Old Nitherian edlis “belly”

(possessed stem ezhish-)

  1. stomach

  2. centre, core

kirinoun

Old Nitherian kiri “step”

  1. departure

  2. first step, beginning

    1. dawn, morning

loverb

Old Nitherian lyoo “to bend over”

  1. to be sad, to weep

  2. to hunch over, to stoop

  3. (with locative, of bent, broken, or ruined things) to be at

  4. (of the sky) to rain

monoun

Old Nitherian mo

  1. cloud

mthaslonumeral

Old Nitherian mimdaslo

  1. seven

mvnslonumeral

Old Nitherian mimbynslo, related to byn “three”

  1. eight

mwesoverb

Old Nitherian hmweso

(2s mwetha)

  1. to be cold

mwonoun

Old Nitherian gmwo

  1. mango

  2. (possessed) woman’s breast

  3. oslaslo va mwonoun
    1. mango juice

    2. breastmilk

myoverb

Old Nitherian mi

(stem mi-, 1s mi, 2s mitha, 2p mwa)

  1. to go, to move

  2. mi-lyoverb with directional
    1. to go (away), to leave

    my-asoverb with directional
    1. to come

nithenoun

Old Nitherian nide

  1. person

noyesoverb

Old Nitherian noyeso “to reach”

(2s noyetha)

  1. (of plants) to grow

  2. (of people) to improve (at a skill)

nwenoun

Old Nitherian gnwes

(possessed stem nwes-)

  1. nose

nyesoverb

Old Nitherian nyeso “to entangle”

(2s nyetha)

  1. to like romantically

  2. to court, to woo

opanoun

Old Nitherian opwa

  1. banana

oslanoun

Old Nitherian oslas

(possessed stem oslasl-)

  1. water

  2. (possessed by a fruit) juice

oyanumeral

Old Nitherian hwoyao, literally “it is complete”, referring to the fully-counted hand

  1. five

pinoverb

Old Nitherian pino

(2s pnta)

  1. to stand

  2. pn-pasoverb with applicative

    (2s pn-pata)

    1. to be with (someone), to meet (someone)

shenoun

Old Nitherian sye

  1. stone

shinoverb

Old Nitherian slino

(2s slnta)

  1. to walk

slezlenumeral

Old Nitherian yisledlai, literally “I jump to the (other) hand”

  1. six

thmchinoun

Old Nitherian dmtyis, diminutive of dm “boy”

  1. boy

thonumeral

Old Nitherian dosl

  1. two

thwerwinumeral

Old Nitherian doeroi “a large number”

  1. 216 (six cubed)

thwesasonumeral

Old Nitherian doesaso “a huge number”

  1. 1,296 (six to the fourth power)

thwinumeral

Old Nitherian doi “more”

  1. thirty-six

tlaranumeral

Old Nitherian tlarasl, abstracted from dosltlarasl, originally “twelve” but later “twenty-four”

  1. twelve

tlonoun

Old Nitherian tlo

  1. hand, arm

  2. thotlonumeral

    literally “two hands”

    1. ten

    2. thotlwethmnumeral

      literally “ten-one”

      1. eleven

tlwanoun

Old Nitherian tloas

  1. pineapple

tnnoun

Old Nitherian tn

  1. coconut fruit

  2. ezhishotnnoun
    1. coconut seed

tsanoun

Old Nitherian tsa

  1. bone

tsesoverb

Old Nitherian tseso

  1. to eat

vapreposition

Old Nitherian ba

  1. at

  2. belonging to

vanoun

Old Nitherian bwaa

  1. fire

vanonoun

Old Nitherian bwanosl

(possessed stem vanosl-)

  1. (non-edible) root

veraslonumeral

Old Nitherian gosberaslo

  1. nine

vimoverb

Old Nitherian bwimo

(2s vmta)

  1. to be hot

vionoun

Old Nitherian bislhyo

  1. finger

  2. toe

  3. number, count

vnnumeral

Old Nitherian byn

  1. three

vonoun

Old Nitherian bos

  1. tree branch

voslosloverb

Old Nitherian bwoslsoso “to float”

(2s voslotha)

  1. to sail, to go by boat

  2. vovoslonoun
    1. sailor

    voslo-lyoverb with directional
    1. to escape

    2. voslo-leslanoverb with directional and applicative
      1. to elope with

    volso-melavaslalosloverb with directional, applicative, and incorporated noun

    literally “dock in a body”, with the image of an eternal soul sailing into an infant’s body and docking there

    1. to be born

    2. shivoshomelavashalonoun
      1. birth

      2. birth ceremony

wenoun

Old Nitherian wai

  1. sun

wethmnumeral

Old Nitherian wedm

  1. one

wnyonumeral

Old Nitherian wnweo, literally “it is missing”, referring to the thumb, the last finger to count on

  1. four

wolonoun

Old Nitherian wolo

(incorporated -walo)

  1. (person’s) body

ymvoverb

Old Nitherian ymboo

  1. to sit cross-legged

  2. (especially with intensive) to be idle

  3. (with locative, of ropes and rope-like things) to be at

ynynnoun

Old Nitherian ynyn, reduplication of yn “lip”

  1. mouth

yonoun

Old Nitherian eo

  1. blood

yoslatlnnoun

Old Nitherian yoslasl-tn, with the usual yoslasl- prefix to form the name of the tree from the name of the fruit

  1. coconut palm

yosloverb

Old Nitherian yoslo “to hold”

  1. to give

  2. to introduce

    The normal argument structure has the recipient as the subject and the giver as the agent, with the thing given (or the person being introduced) as an instrumental oblique. The thing given can be promoted to subject using the instrumental applicative.

  3. yolesanoadjective

    literally “that is being given away”

    1. (of a number) negative

    2. vio yolesanonoun

      (plural vio yolesnslo)

      1. negative number

zhinoun

Old Nitherian dis

(possessed stem zhish-)

  1. sky