Kharul (ksuh /xaˈruɫ/, literally “the citizens”) was an ancient kingdom that formed along the banks of the lower Lagendeda river in the -16th century. Though always overshadowed by the mighty Muipidan empire to the east, Kharul earned its place in history with two inventions — papyrus and the alphabet — that led to an explosion of intellectual discovery. Though Muipido eventually absorbed the kingdom of Kharul, Kharulian culture and the Kharulian school system persisted and spread throughout Muipidan territory, and later to the rest of the world.